Die Wegbereiter für kluges Online-Shopping - jeder Kauf eine gute Entscheidung
Firing range: 32 km - 120 km (ATACMS: 165 or 300 km) 90 km: Caliber: 227 mm: 300 mm: Barrels: 12: 12: Engine: Cummins Diesel 500 hp (368 kW) V-12 diesel D12A-525A 525 hp (391 kW BM-30 'SMERCH' Lazaro Armando. Follow. 5 years ago | 19 views. BM-30 'SMERCH' Report. Browse more videos. Playing next. 1:52. Soviet weapons: MLRS BM-27 Uragan and BM-30 Smerch. Zackwinton. . The tubes are arranged in 2 banks of 15; all rockets can be fired in as little as 15 seconds. The basis for the BM-11 system is a Japanese manufactured Isuzu chassis. MRL 122 mm M1977: U.S. DIA code for a system that appears to be a direct copy of the BM-21 Grad. MRL 122 mm M1985: This is a more modern version, based on an Isuzu 6×6 truck and probably. Long relying on large collections of Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (MLRSs) as cheap, effective fire support weapons, the Soviet Army adopted the BM-30 Smerch (Whirlwind) series in 1989 for its long-range, battlefield rocket projection needs MLRS BM-30 Tornado: Eigenschaften, Foto Seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg hat sich die Bedeutung von Strahlmörtelsystemen nur erhöht. True, heute wurden sie durch mehrere Raketenwerfer-Systeme (MLRS) ersetzt, aber die Bedeutung dieser Art von Waffen blieb unverändert: gepflügt die feindlichen besetzten Gebiete, so dass keine Chance für das Überleben nicht Infanterie, nicht einmal schwere.
Syria SAA firing BM 30 Smerch on Jobar 3/9 1/4. Pazelewi. Follow. 4 years ago | 18 views \\ Report. Browse more videos. Playing next. 1:52. Soviet weapons: MLRS BM-27 Uragan and BM-30 Smerch. Zackwinton. Russian designation for the whole artillery system is the 9K58, while the launcher vehicle is designated as the 9A52 or BM-30. The Smerch has 12 tubes for 300 mm artillery rockets. A standard rocket is 7.6 m long and weights 800 kg. Originally this multiple launch rocket system had a range of 70 km. Though this range was extended on improved. The BM-30 is a multiple rocket launcher, which is the Soviet's counter to the M270 MLRS. It is primarily designed to shock a wide region of land, but can also destroy soft-skinned targets and buildings. For an important price, this unit can be a game changer in team games, 2v2 and above. The BM-30 is the strongest MLRS in the game with decent accuracy, concentrated fire will damage and stun.
Tornado-G, derived from BM-21 Grad MLRS, has a rotating launcher mounted on a Kamaz 6x6 or Ural-4320 military trucks. It can fire forty 122mm rockets with a range of about 25 miles Diecast Metal Toy Smerch 9K58 MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System BM-30 Tornado Whirlwind Model Die-cast. Die-cast Model Smerch 9K58 MLRS with some plastic parts. Highly detailed chassis and interior; Length: 6 in (15 cm). Pull back action with openable doors. Official licensed product; Made of high quality materials, passing through 4 safety checks and 13 resist-hitting tests ; Multiple Launch.
Smerch 9K58 MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System, Russia The BM-30 Smerch (tornado) is the most powerful multiple launch rocket system in the world. It was developed in the early 1980s and was accepted to service with the Soviet Army in 1987. The system is designed to defeat personnel, armored, and soft-skinned targets in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition. . Actually, for the first time on the alert duty of Smerch, it was in the missile unit that confirmed that respect which was fed to them by the higher military ranks of the USSR The BM-30 Smerch or 9A52-2 Smerch-M is a Soviet/Russian heavy multiple rocket launcher. It was created in the early 1980s by State Scientific and Production Association Splav (in Tula) in collaboration with more than 20 other companies in USSR and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989. When first observed by the West in 1983, it received the code MRL 280mm M1983. An upgraded version of.
The BM-30 Smerch is a multiple rocket launcher of Soviet origin. Due to its firepower and range it is one of the most powerful conventional artillery systems. It was developed in the 1980's, partly in response to the US MLRS system. The name Smerch is Russian for tornado. Layout. The BM-30 is based on the large MAZ-543 8x8 truck chassis and features a trainable 12 round launcher for 300mm. MLRS lieferte die Lieferung des Projektils in einer Entfernung von bis zu 70 km. Daran erinnern, dass die Anforderungen des Militärs dann für das Chassis zur Verfügung gestellt, so dass das Manövrieren im Gelände mit einer Geschwindigkeit von bis zu 70 km / h (mit hohem Durchsatz). Produktionsbeginn . Eine neue reaktive Installation Smerch beantwortete alleerklärte Anträge, hatte. Das BM-30 Smerch. Foto über bewaffnung, laden, armee, munition, flugkörper, maschine, rußland, moskau, russisch, system, verteidigung, fahrten, demonstration.
3D-Modell Smerch 9K58 MLRS zum Download wie max, lwo, ma, xsi, max, 3ds, fbx, flt, obj, and X Gebührenfrei auf TurboSquid: 3D-Modelle für Spiele, Architektur. BM-30 Smerch Soviet MLRS 1987 Year USSR . Military Diecast Model Car. 1:72 Scale. Manufacturer: RUSSIAN TANKS. Material: Diecast and plastic. Condition: new in original packaging. Historical reference. The BM-30 Smerch (Russian: Смерч, tornado, whirlwind), 9K58 Smerch or 9A52-2 Smerch-M is a Soviet heavy multiple rocket launcher. The system is intended to defeat personnel, armored.
BM-30, có tên lóng là Smerch (tiếng Nga: Смерч, nghĩa là cơn lốc), là pháo phản lực nhiều nòng của Nga để chống người, xe thiết giáp nhẹ tập trung, trận địa pháo, trung tâm chỉ huy, kho đạn, chặn đường giao thông.. BM-30 là pháo phản lực mạnh nhất hiện nay, vượt rất xa các hệ thống của Mỹ như M270 MLRS Das BM-30 Smerch. Foto über technisch, schwer, flugkörper, kompliziert, ausrüstung, rußland, prüfung, demonstration, moskau, rakete, system, region, maschine. Bm-30 Smerch MLRS Moderators: Global Moderators, Media Hut Moderators, OpenRA Moderators, Red Alert 2 Moderators, Tiberian Sun Moderators : Page 1 of 1 [14 Posts] View previous topic:: View next topic: Author Message; TRUEGRIT Grenadier Joined: 21 Apr 2018: Posted: Fri Nov 09, 2018 11:42 pm Post subject: Bm-30 Smerch MLRS Subject description: I guess it really looks like the actual one: Well.
Firing massive 300mm rockets, the T-300 is one of the longest ranged rocket artillery systems in the NATO arsenal, with the rockets capable of reaching out to 100 km. This is significantly longer.. BM-30 Smerch 9K58 Tornado-S, Tornado-G, TOS1-A, BM-27 Uragan, BM-21 Grad Russian Armed Forces: Russian Army Russian Navy Special Operations Forces. MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER. BM-30 Smerch 9K58 300mm Multiple Rocket Launcher System. The BM-30 Smerch 9A52 was first seen by the West in 1983 and is entered in the Russian army in 1987. The BM-30 Smerch 9K58 is designed to counter tactical missile. BM-30 Smerch (Tornado) ຫຼື 9A52-2 Smerch, M ແມ່ນ້ໍາຫນັກບັ້ງໄຟ Soviet ຫຼາຍ launcher. ລະບົບດັ່ງກ່າວໄດ້ຖືກອອກແບບມາເພື່ອທໍາລາຍບຸກຄະລາກອນ, ພາຫະນະຫຸ້ມເກາະແລະເປົ້າຫມາຍຂອງປາໃນເຂດເອກ The BM-30 Smerch (Tornado) or 9K58 is a Russian multiple rocket launcher. The system is designed to defeat manpower, armored and soft-skinned materiel in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. It was created in 1986 and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989. Components: * rockets (in containers); * 9A52-2 modernized launch vehicle; * transloader.
The Russian BM-30 Smerch MLRS is probably the most gnarlyist self-propelled MLRS to date. Its intimidating traversable launcher is made up of 12, 300mm tubes, which are capable of firing rockets armed with a multitude of different lethal warheads to a range of 90km. It's 8×8 wheeled chassis gives it a high level of off-road mobility and combined with its quick turn around time from. Chủ đề liên quan: Ấn Độ, bm-30, MLRS, Tên lửa Cơn Lốc BM-30. 21/02/2014 | An Ninh Quốc Phòng Tên lửa phóng loạt đa nòng Cơn lốc Smerch BM-30 của quân đội Nga (P2) Tên lửa Cơn Lốc BM-30 là pháo phản lực mạnh nhất hiện nay, vượt rất xa các hệ thống của Mỹ như M270 MLRS. Hệ thống tên lửa Cơn Lốc/Smerch (BM-30) của.
Smerch MLRS launcher. The launch vehicle is based on the MAZ-543M 8×8 wheeled truck chassis on which is mounted a 12-tube launcher. The vehicle is manufactured by Minsk Auto Zavod (MAZ). The tubes are arranged as two blocks of four with a single row of four above. The launcher has a crew of four and is capable of single or salvo firing. A Smerch unit is typically composed of six launchers and. Both FIROS-25 and FIROS-30 rockets can be fired from 122 mm BM-21 Grad series launchers. In case of emergency FIROS MLRS can also fire the Grad rockets. Vehicle can fire its rockets within 5 minutes from traveling. Both variants of the FIROS are based on IVECO 6x6 heavy utility trucks. An armored cab was proposed as an option. Rocket launcher can also be mounted on any 6x6 heavy utility truck. Melden Sie sich bei PayPal an, um Ihre Transaktion abzuschließen, und legen Sie PayPal als Standardzahlungsart fest. × Kaufen Sie mehr, sparen Sie mehr. Holen Sie sich dieses P The BM-30 Smerch (Russian: Смерч, tornado, whirlwind), 9K58 Smerch or 9A52-2 Smerch-M is a Soviet heavy multiple rocket launcher. The system is intended to defeat personnel, armored, and soft targets in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. It was designed in the early 1980s and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989. When first.
Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) BM-30 Smerch 300 mm Angkatan Bersenjata India Highly detailed chassis and interior. High quality - using high grade zinc alloy an organic die-cast into form, elaboration by 24 processes and polish again and again, which makes the car exquisite just as a handicraft
BM-30 Smerch, Russia, 1:72nd scale diecast Tank №29 by Fabbri | eBay India's MLRS BM-30 Smerch (tornado) - YouTube BM-30 Smerch Image Aug 29, 2018 - #MLRS #mrls #tower #turret #armor #armour #Armored #armoury #battery #kmw #gun #Chain #General #Dynamics #MOWAG #recon #killer #hunter. See more ideas about Military vehicles, Military, Turret
How is the Indian version of BM 30 SMERCH MLRS Is Better Than Others. The most adavanced version of the Russian multiple launch rocket system Smerch is in service with the Indian army. This is a modification of 9A52-2T. While most combat vehicles of this 300 mm MLRS use the well-known and proven long-term operation of the MAZ-543M with an 8×8 wheel arrangement,... defenceview.in. How is. Firos 25/30 MLRS 43 members have voted. 1. Firos 25/30 MLRS for Italy? Yeah! +1 38 No -1 5 2. Tech tree,premium or event? Tech tree The warheads that the firos could use varies,it was very similiar to the russian BM-21 Grad in that they both used 122 mm rockets in groups of forty, although they differed considerably in command and control systems of the base vehicle. it is able to use the. BM-30 Smerch Images BM-30 Smerch 9K58 300mm multiple rocket launcher system BM-30 - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre mlrs battery smerch 3d max BM-30 Smerch | Strategic Bureau of Information BM-30 - BM-30 Smerch - JapaneseClass.j Mehrfachraketenwerfer: Katjuscha, Bm-21, Mlrs, Qassam-Rakete, Nebelwerfer, Bm-30, 9p140 Uragan, Typ 63, Panzerwerfer 42, Bm-24, Bm-14, Tos-1 (Deutsch) Taschenbuch Alle Formate und Ausgaben anzeigen Andere Formate und Ausgaben ausblenden. Preis Neu ab Gebraucht ab Taschenbuch Bitte wiederholen — — — Taschenbuch — Diesen Thriller kann man nicht aus der Hand legen Ein fesselnder.
BM-30 Smerch Soviet MLRS 1987 Year USSR 1/72 Scale Military Diecast Model Car. C $38.14. C $40.14 + C $16.07 shipping . Russian Ballistic Missile Launcher Iskander SS-26 Stone Diecast Model Car 1:72. C $37.48. Free shipping . BM-30 Smerch Tornado Russian Rocket Launcher Die Cast Metal Car Model 85 mm. C $14.60 . Free shipping . BM-30 Smerch Russian tanks 1987. Diecast Metal model 1:72. GE. BM-30 Smerch (Tornado) atau 9A52-2 Smerch-M adalah sebuah peluncur roket berat ganda Soviet. Sistem ini dirancang untuk mengalahkan personil, kendaraan lapis baja, dan sasaran lunak di daerah konsentrasi, baterai artileri, pos komando dan depot amunisi. Itu dibuat pada awal tahun 1980 dan memasuki layanan di Angkatan Darat Soviet pada tahun 1989. Ketika pertama kali diamati oleh Barat pada. Az M270 MLRS (feloldva Multiple Launch Rocket System, magyarul rakéta-sorozatvető rendszer) rakétatüzérségi eszköz, melyet az amerikai hadsereg számára fejlesztettek ki, ahol az első egységek 1983. március végén álltak szolgálatba.A rendszert széleskörűen alkalmazzák és Európa szerte gyártották a NATO tagállamok: összesen 1300 darabot 23 év alatt, több mint.
BM-27 9P140 Uragan; BM-30 9A52 Smertsch; 9A53 Tornado; RM-70 RM 70 M; TOS-1 Buratino; WS-1 und WS-2 der Volksrepublik China; Landmatratze (britischer Mehrfachraketenwerfer des Zweiten Weltkrieges) Nebelwerfer; Wurfrahmen 40; Panzerwerfer 42; ASTROS-2; MLRS (bei der Bundeswehr MARS (Mittleres Artillerie-Raketen-System) genannt) LARS 1 und LARS 2; Hydra; Lance; Pinaka; PHL03; Sergeant; Honest. Add media RSS BM-30 MLRS (view original) embed. share. view previous next. Share Image. Share URL. Share Image. Embed Image. Embed. Embed Thumb. Comments. TGCorp616 Sep 25 2019. Really nice Reply Good karma Bad karma +1 vote. Post a comment. Sign in or join with: Only registered members can share their thoughts. So come on! Join the community today (totally free - or sign in with your social. The BM-21 122 mm multiple rocket launcher (MRL) system entered service with the Soviet Army in 1963 to replace the aging 140 mm BM-14 system. The main role of the BM-21 Grad system is to support the division with suppressive fire to counter anti-tank missile, artillery and mortar positions, destroy strong points and eliminate enemy nodes of resistance on the immediate battlefield
MLRS was developed jointly by the United Kingdom, United States, West Germany, France and Italy, developed from the older General Support Rocket System (GSRS). The M270 MLRS weapons system is collectively known as the M270 MLRS Self-propelled Loader/Launcher (SPLL). The SPLL is composed of three primary subsystems: the M269 Loader Launcher. Vitaly V. Kuzmin Tornado-G MLRS.. Tornado-G merupakan versi upgrade dari BM-21 Grad.Sementara Tornado-S merupakan versi upgrade dari BM-30 Smerch.. MLRS digunakan untuk menghancurkan target berupa perkubuan, kendaraan lapis baja, baterai artileri, pos komando dan sebagainya En.wikipedia.org (MRL/MLRS) En.wikipedia.org (BM-30 Smerch) En.wikipedia.org (M270 MLRS) I hope we cleared this issue now. :p. Reply Good karma +3 votes. ChadaFACE Oct 7 2009. why isnt the multiple naming convenient? GJ with the smerch! Reply Good karma Bad karma +1 vote. Bludger1 Sep 14 2008. Exactly! lol! MLRS is a correct statement. Abra is correct!!!!! hahaha! Reply Good karma Bad karma +1. BM-30 Smerch SSM5005 MLRS BM-27 Uragan on ZIL-135 8×8 chassis • SSM Multiple rocket launcher - Wikiwand Americká armáda chce více raketometů | ARMYWEB.cz BM-27 Uragan MLRS (Russian) - Wargaming3D Obchod.valka.cz Military trucks : ZIL-135 8×8 - MLRS BM-27 Uragan.
This page was last edited on 15 September 2014, at 12:50. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply 21 Ιουλ 2017 - Explore Jimplast's board BM-30 Smerch Multiple rocket launcher, followed by 444 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about Όπλα, Αεροπλάνα Tag: BM-30 Smerch. Missiles. Russia to Rearm with Tornado-S MLRS. May 31, 2017 January 16, 2019 - by Derek Bisaccio. Russia aims to completely rearm its rocket artillery brigades with new multiple-launch rocket systems (MLRS) by 2020. Tass News Agency quoted Missile and Artillery Force Chief Lieutenant-General Mikhail Matveyevsky as Read More. International Military Markets. Forecast. Kiev used MLRS BM-30 Smerch, and hit its own base at the airport, while also managing to hit the civilian sector. Watch as a terrified woman cries, not knowing what to do during the attack. She an her baby were lucky. Unfortunately, some people in the area weren't.. After this, Kiev sends an emergency crew, that's right, NOT Explosives Ordinance Disposal, but an emergency crew to remove the. Also called as BM-27 or 9P140, the MLRS system entered into service in 1977. The mission of the launcher is to defeat troops and combat materiel in concentrated areas and also to remotely lay anti-tank area denial mines in a combat zone at distances of 10km to 35km. The system has been battle proven and is in service with the Russian Army and is also exported worldwide. The Uragan has a.
BM-11: North Korean 30-tube version. The tubes are arranged in 2 banks o 15; aw rockets can be fired in as little as 15 seconds. The basis for the BM-11 seestem is a Japanese manufactured Isuzu chassis. MRL 122 mm M1977: U.S. DIA code for a seestem that appears tae be a direct copy o the BM-21 Grad. MRL 122 mm M1985: This is a mair modren version, based on an Isuzu 6×6 truck and probably wi. three MLRS (BM-21) and three towed howitzers (D-30 Lyagushka, 122mm) at a training area near Ternove (57km east of Donetsk) (for previous observations, see SMM Daily Report 12 July 2019); seven MLRS (BM-21) at a training area near Miusynsk (62km south-west of Luhansk) (for previous observations, see SMM Daily Report 19 July 2019); and; eight MLRS (BM-21) near Sadovyi (57km south-west of. BM-27 Uragan are urmatoarele caracteristici: MLRS produs in serie la Tula intre anii 1975-1991; calibrul 220 mm; 16 tuburi de lansare rachete cu raza de actiune cuprinsa intre 10-30 km. Vehiculul are doua randuri a cate 6 tuburi+un rand cu 4 tuburi; echipaj 6 -comandant, tragator, mecanic-conductor/sofer, 3 incarcatori; greutate rachete intre 270-280 kg; rata de foc, 2 moduri de lansare. BM-30 Smerch (Tornado) atau 9A52-2 Smerch-M adalah sebuah peluncur roket berat ganda Soviet. Sistem ini dirancang untuk mengalahkan personil, kendaraan lapis baja, dan sasaran lunak di daerah konsentrasi, baterai artileri, pos komando dan depot amunisi. Itu dibuat pada awal tahun 1980 dan memasuki layanan di Angkatan Darat Soviet pada tahun 1989
MLRS BM-30 Smerch. World Society Must Take Radical Steps against the Russian Federation. 02/11/2015 - 0 Comment. Everything that happened today (February 10, 2015) in Kramatorsk is more than terrorist attack - it is Read More. Confirmation of the 439th Guards Rocket Artillery Brigade deployed as part of the Russian invasion forces. 11/05/2014 - 1 Comment. The presence of a unit from the. en There are two other systems; a modular MLRS based on the MZKT-79306 truck, which can carry two BM-27 Uragan or BM-30 Smerch launcher modules, and one based on the Kamaz 6x6 truck. WikiMatrix. vi Có hai hệ thống khác; Một mô đun MLRS đặt trên xe tải MZKT-79306, có thể mang theo hai mô-đun BM-27 Uragan hoặc BM-30 Smerch, và một đặt trên xe tải Kamaz 6x6. en. BM-30 Smerch Artillery Europe . Rostec Launches Tornado-S MLRS for International Market. August 31, 2019 DP Press Releases 0 Comments 9A53-S Tornado, BM-30 Smerch, Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS), Rostec Corporation, Russia, Tecmash. Tecmash Cocern, part of Russia's Rostec State Corporation, launched its latest multiple rocket launcher system Tornado-S (9К515) with 300 mm . Read.
210 votes and 8 comments so far on Reddi Minsk, Belarus. Soviet Heavy Multiple Rocket Launcher BM-30 Smer BM-30 Smerch MRLS of russian armed forces Russian multiple rocket launcher BM-30 Smerch Elements of Russian missiles BM-30 Smerch. Striking power Repetition of the parade Exhibition of Russian weapons in Kiev Multiple Rocket Launcher in Raised Position BM-30 SmerchMultiple launch rocket system Russian Smerch 300 mm MLRS ST. Smerch 9K58 MLRS BM-30 Tornado Whirlwind Diecast Metal Toy Model Die-cast. £23.98. P&P: + £35.00 P&P . S-300VM Antey-2500 SA-23 Gladiator SAM System Russian Diecast Toy Model 1:72. £24.98 . P&P: + £35.00 P&P . Iskander SS-26 Stone Russian Ballistic Rocket Launcher Diecast Model Toy 1/72. £22.98. P&P: + £35.00 P&P . BM-21 Grad Ural Truck Mobile Missile System Russia USSR Diecast Model 1. Kiểm tra các bản dịch 'BM-30 Smerch' sang Tiếng Anh. Xem qua các ví dụ về bản dịch BM-30 Smerch trong câu, nghe cách phát âm và học ngữ pháp
Ấn Độ kết uy lực khủng khiếp của MLRS BM-30 Smerch - Có khả năng lục quân Ấn Độ sẽ mua sắm thêm 2 hệ thống rocket nhiều nòng uy lực cực mạnh BM-30 9K58 Smerch của Nga Ấn Độ kết uy lực khủng khiếp của MLRS BM-30 Smerch quân đội Ấn Độ đã thành lập một số trung đoàn trang bị các hệ thống rocket nhiều nòng BM-30 9K58 Smerch (NATO gọi là Tornado) của Nga. Uy lực và sự tin cậy của loại pháo phản lực phóng loạt này đã được chứng minh trong các cuộc diễn tập. Ukraine War - Video captures an artillery volley of MLRS BM 30 'Smerch' to Pskov paratrooper. The BM-30 Smerch or 9A52-2 Smerch-M is a Soviet heavy multiple rocket launcher. The system is. Since the dark days of World War 2, the Russian (then Soviet) Army has placed a premium on wheeled Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (MLRSs). The trend continues today with the 9A52-4 Tornado 8x8 wheeled rocket projector which was adopted in 2011 as an upgrade replacement for the aged BM-21, BM-27 and BM-30 MLRS lines
Some analyses indicate that the KN-09 is based on either Russia's BM-30 Smerch or China's A-100 MLRS. Its longer range and the physical characteristics of the rocket, however, suggest it could be based on one of China's newer Weishi rockets, such as the SY300. It is also possible that North Korea developed the system indigenously, improving upon its existing 240mm MLRS. There have been. BM-30 Smerch (Tornado) atau 9A52-2 Smerch-M adalah pelancar roket berganda berat Soviet. Sistem ini direka untuk mengalahkan kakitangan, perisai, dan sasaran lembut di kawasan perhimpunan/tumpuan, bateri meriam, tiang arahan dan depot peluru Der BM-30 ist ein Mehrfachraketenwerfersystem der Russischen Föderation.Der GRAU-Index lautet 9A52 Smertsch (Tornado). Der Systemindex der russischen Streitkräfte ist 9K58.Die Raketen heißen 9M55.. Entwicklung. Das System wurde gegen Ende der 1970er-Jahre von dem staatlichen Waffenhersteller Splaw in Tula entwickelt. Es wurde 1987 bei den sowjetischen Landstreitkräften eingeführt